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Surgical Problems of the Base of the Skull An

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surgery of the skull base an interdisciplinary approach pdf

Download Endonasal Endoscopic Surgery of Skull Base Tumors. Endoscopic Endonasal Skull Base Surgery: Cu rrent State of the Art and Future Trends 5 base surgery started progressively in the late 1980 s before experiencing an exponential success during the last decade (Carrau et al., 2001). Fig. 2. Classical sublabial trans-sphenoidal microsurgical approach for pituitary adenomas. 3., pdf. Use of Cerebral Oximetry to Monitor Brain Oxygenation Reserves for Skull Base Surgery. Skull Base-an Interdisciplinary Approach, 1994. Gerardo Hernandez. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email..

LOYOLA UNIVERSITY CHICAGO STRITCH SCHOOL OF

Department of Otolaryngology. Jul 11, 2019 · The instrumentation including clips, micro scissors, retractors, probes, multi clips, etc are pictured along with their usage intraoperatively. The future of skull base surgery including imaging, virtual reality, and robotic surgery are covered in the final chapter of …, it is our pleasure to announce the 9th Interdisciplinary Endo-scopic Skull Base Surgery Course. Skull Base Surgery underwent significant changes during the last decades. The increasing advancements in the fields of neu-rosurgery and otorhinolaryngology have challenged surgeons from both specialties to keep up with the rapid technological.

CURRICULUM VITAE JOHN P. LEONETTI, M.D. Professor and Vice Chairman Department of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery Director of the Division of Otology, Neurotology and Skull Base Surgery Loyola University Medical Center 2160 South First Avenue Skull Base - An Interdisciplinary Approach 10. Cureus On-line Journal Editorial Board – Now part of the Master Techniques in Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery series, Skull Base Surgery is the new go-to guide on common and advanced procedures in skull base surgery. Step-by-step expert instruction is offered on more than 45 procedures, covering both open and minimally invasive approaches to the skull base.

Skull Base: An Interdisciplinary Approach [previously Skull Base Surgery] is a multidisciplinary journal on all clinical and research advances in skull base surgery, featuring dozens … Jul 11, 2019 · The instrumentation including clips, micro scissors, retractors, probes, multi clips, etc are pictured along with their usage intraoperatively. The future of skull base surgery including imaging, virtual reality, and robotic surgery are covered in the final chapter of …

Advances in endoscopic sinonasal and anterior skull base surgery Darlene Lubbe, Patrick Semple, Johan Fagan Endoscopic surgery has revolutionised surgical practice in many surgical disciplines. Urologists were the first to develop endoscopes in the early 20th century, gynaecologists following of the Skull Base An Interdisciplinary Approach With a Chapter on Anatomy by J. Lang With 289 Figures in 841 Separate Illustrations Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York London Paris Tokyo Hong Kong . Professor Dr. med. Prof. h.c. MADJID SAMII the state of Skull Base Surgery.

Mar 17, 2015В В· The region of the skull base was long considered a surgical barrier because of its complex anatomy. With few exceptions, the region immediately beyond the dura or bony skull base constituted a "no man's land" for the surgeon working from the other direction. A major reason for this was the high morbidity associated with operative procedures in Advances in endoscopic sinonasal and anterior skull base surgery Darlene Lubbe, Patrick Semple, Johan Fagan Endoscopic surgery has revolutionised surgical practice in many surgical disciplines. Urologists were the first to develop endoscopes in the early 20th century, gynaecologists following

Minimally invasive approaches are becoming increasingly popular to access the anterior skull base. With interdisciplinary cooperation, in particular endonasal endoscopic approaches have seen an impressive expansion of indications over the past decades. Skull base surgery, as a subspecialty including open and endoscopic approaches, continues to evolve, favoring minimal access approaches in order to reduce surgical morbidity and mortality, preserve neurological function, as well as cosmesis.[3 4] Using the most direct and least destructive corridor, or combination of corridors, is paramount to the minimal access concept.[7 18 30 42] However

Skull Base Surgery.In: Aston S, Beasley R, Thorne C, Grabb and Smith's Plastic Surgery. 6th ed. Boston: Little Brown & Company. Submitted. Kabil M, Shahinian HK: Pituitary Surgery - The Evolution From Open Transcranial to Fully Endoscopic Transnasal Surgery of The Pituitary Gland.In Ezzat S. Knutzen R, editors. Skull Base Surgery.In: Aston S, Beasley R, Thorne C, Grabb and Smith's Plastic Surgery. 6th ed. Boston: Little Brown & Company. Submitted. Kabil M, Shahinian HK: Pituitary Surgery - The Evolution From Open Transcranial to Fully Endoscopic Transnasal Surgery of The Pituitary Gland.In Ezzat S. Knutzen R, editors.

pdf. Reconstruction of Lateral Skull Base Defects after Tumor Ablation. Skull Base, 2007. Peter Neligan. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. Reconstruction of Lateral Skull Base Defects after Tumor Ablation. Download. Start studying Step by Step Week 2 Chap. 26 Review. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In surgery of the Skull Base, the _____ procedure is what is done to the lesion. The amount of modifiers used during skull-based surgery if one surgeon performs the approach and a second physician performs

Mar 21, 2011В В· Nasal morbidity following skull base surgery necessitates follow-up for postoperative care. We describe nasal morbidity following endoscopic skull base surgery. Methods. Patient and operative data and postoperative subjective and objective measures of morbidity were prospectively collected for 1 year. Jul 05, 2010В В· The skull base surgery is one of the most demanding surgeries. There are different structures that can be injured easily, by operating in the skull base. It is very important for the neurosurgeon to choose the right approach in order to reach the lesion without harming the other intact structures. Due to the pioneering work of Cushing, Hirsch, Yasargil, Krause, Dandy and other dedicated

Skull base approaches in neurosurgery Head & Neck

surgery of the skull base an interdisciplinary approach pdf

9th Interdisciplinary Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery Course. PDF Endoscopic management of skull base pathology requires a interdisciplinary surgical approach. A comprehensive knowledge of the extracranial and intracranial anatomy is critical to achieve, 10 4th AOCMF Course on Skull Base Surgery „Lateral Skull Base“ Course information Accreditation The 4th International Interdisciplinary AOCMF Course on Skull Base Surgery “Approaches to the Lateral Skull Base” will get accreditation from the European Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (EACCME) to provide CME.

Endoscopic Endonasal Skull Base Surgery Current State of

surgery of the skull base an interdisciplinary approach pdf

Book Review Endonasal Endoscopic Surgery of Skull Base. pdf. Use of Cerebral Oximetry to Monitor Brain Oxygenation Reserves for Skull Base Surgery. Skull Base-an Interdisciplinary Approach, 1994. Gerardo Hernandez. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. https://sl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vinko_Dolenc Endonasal Endoscopic Surgery of Skull Base Tumors: An Interdisciplinary Approach (edited by Wolfgang Draf, Ricardo L. Carrau, Ulrike BockmГјhl, Amin B. Kassam, and Peter Vajkoczy) is a new work intended as a reference and guide to the emerging field of endoscopic skull base surgery. Although.

surgery of the skull base an interdisciplinary approach pdf


Note: If you're looking for a free download links of Endonasal Endoscopic Surgery of Skull Base Tumors: An Interdisciplinary Approach Pdf, epub, docx and torrent then this site is not for you. Ebookphp.com only do ebook promotions online and we does not distribute any free download of ebook on this site. Endonasal Endoscopic Surgery of Skull Base Tumors: An Interdisciplinary Approach (edited by Wolfgang Draf, Ricardo L. Carrau, Ulrike BockmГјhl, Amin B. Kassam, and Peter Vajkoczy) is a new work intended as a reference and guide to the emerging field of endoscopic skull base surgery. Although

it is our pleasure to announce the 9th Interdisciplinary Endo-scopic Skull Base Surgery Course. Skull Base Surgery underwent significant changes during the last decades. The increasing advancements in the fields of neu-rosurgery and otorhinolaryngology have challenged surgeons from both specialties to keep up with the rapid technological Interdisciplinary reconstruction of oncological resections at the skull base, plastic and reconstructive surgery to facilitate reconstructive procedures of soft tissue and bone as early as possible in one approach. Large resections may require plastic surgery involvement from the beginning. Tumors of the skull base and fronto-basal

Mar 17, 2015В В· The region of the skull base was long considered a surgical barrier because of its complex anatomy. With few exceptions, the region immediately beyond the dura or bony skull base constituted a "no man's land" for the surgeon working from the other direction. A major reason for this was the high morbidity associated with operative procedures in Note: If you're looking for a free download links of Endonasal Endoscopic Surgery of Skull Base Tumors: An Interdisciplinary Approach Pdf, epub, docx and torrent then this site is not for you. Ebookphp.com only do ebook promotions online and we does not distribute any free download of ebook on this site.

pdf. Use of Cerebral Oximetry to Monitor Brain Oxygenation Reserves for Skull Base Surgery. Skull Base-an Interdisciplinary Approach, 1994. Gerardo Hernandez. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. The region of the skull base was long considered a surgical barrier because of its complex anatomy. With few exceptions, the region immediately beyond the dura or bony skull base constituted a "no man's land" for the surgeon working from the other direction.

Minimally invasive approaches are becoming increasingly popular to access the anterior skull base. With interdisciplinary cooperation, in particular endonasal endoscopic approaches have seen an impressive expansion of indications over the past decades. it is our pleasure to announce the 9th Interdisciplinary Endo-scopic Skull Base Surgery Course. Skull Base Surgery underwent significant changes during the last decades. The increasing advancements in the fields of neu-rosurgery and otorhinolaryngology have challenged surgeons from both specialties to keep up with the rapid technological

Skull Base Surgery.In: Aston S, Beasley R, Thorne C, Grabb and Smith's Plastic Surgery. 6th ed. Boston: Little Brown & Company. Submitted. Kabil M, Shahinian HK: Pituitary Surgery - The Evolution From Open Transcranial to Fully Endoscopic Transnasal Surgery of The Pituitary Gland.In Ezzat S. Knutzen R, editors. We are pleased to invite you to the 2nd International Interdisciplinary AO Course on Skull Base Surgery in Vienna. The lateral skull base is an extremely complex region requiring a deep knowledge of anato-my. The hallmark of contemporary skull base surgery is a team approach, whereby experts of

Endoscopic Endonasal Skull Base Surgery: Cu rrent State of the Art and Future Trends 5 base surgery started progressively in the late 1980 s before experiencing an exponential success during the last decade (Carrau et al., 2001). Fig. 2. Classical sublabial trans-sphenoidal microsurgical approach for pituitary adenomas. 3. Skull Base: An Interdisciplinary Approach [previously Skull Base Surgery] is a multidisciplinary journal on all clinical and research advances in skull base surgery, featuring dozens …

Skull base surgery, as a subspecialty including open and endoscopic approaches, continues to evolve, favoring minimal access approaches in order to reduce surgical morbidity and mortality, preserve neurological function, as well as cosmesis.[3 4] Using the most direct and least destructive corridor, or combination of corridors, is paramount to the minimal access concept.[7 18 30 42] However Skull Base: An Interdisciplinary Approach [previously Skull Base Surgery] is a multidisciplinary journal on all clinical and research advances in skull base surgery, featuring dozens …

Start studying Step by Step Week 2 Chap. 26 Review. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In surgery of the Skull Base, the _____ procedure is what is done to the lesion. The amount of modifiers used during skull-based surgery if one surgeon performs the approach and a second physician performs PDF Endoscopic management of skull base pathology requires a interdisciplinary surgical approach. A comprehensive knowledge of the extracranial and intracranial anatomy is critical to achieve

Endoscopic Approaches to the Skull Base (Progress in. jul 16, 2019в в· gms interdisciplinary plastic and reconstructive surgery dgpw. patients that had a previous history of skull base or paranasal sinus surgery or a rele vant trauma to the head and neck region as well as malignancies arroding the skull base or other organic the surgical approach was nine times entirely endoscopic and once a combination of, apr 15, 2015в в· endonasal endoscopic surgery of skull base tumors: an interdisciplinary approach - ebook written by wolfgang draf, ricardo l. carrau, ulrike bockmuehl. read this book using google play books app on your pc, android, ios devices. download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read endonasal endoscopic surgery of skull base tumors: an interdisciplinary вђ¦).

6. Identify how to avoid and treat complications of endoscopic skull base surgery TARGET AUDIENCE Neurosurgeons, otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons and other skull base surgeons who are interested in learning endoscopic endonasal surgery of the skull base, pituitary fossa, orbit and craniocervical junction. Ricardo L. Carrau, MD, FACS Apr 15, 2015 · Endonasal Endoscopic Surgery of Skull Base Tumors: An Interdisciplinary Approach - Ebook written by Wolfgang Draf, Ricardo L. Carrau, Ulrike Bockmuehl. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Endonasal Endoscopic Surgery of Skull Base Tumors: An Interdisciplinary …

Methods. In this feasibility trial, advantages and disadvantages of using the Sonopet ultrasound aspirator (Stryker Corporation, Kalamazoo, MI, USA) for the ablation of hard as well as soft tissue was tested in conjunction with extra-long tips in a total of 10 patients who underwent transnasal surgery of various tumorous pathologies of the skull base. Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery 2nd Edition PDF by Alexander G. Chiu MD (Author), James N. Palmer MD (Author), Nithin D Adappa MD (Author) Gain a clear understanding of the entire spectrum of today’s rhinology and anterior skull base surgery with Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery, 2nd Edition.

SKULL BASE SURGERY: HANDS-ON COURSE 2 ND ANNUAL CHICAGOLAND ENDOSCOPIC ENDONASAL SKULL BASE SURGERY: Sponsored by: Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine Division of Continuing Medical Education and Loyola University Health System Department of Neurological Surgery endonasal approach can play in their practice and the ways Jan 01, 1980 · • Lesions of the clivus, upper cervical vertebrae, and the cervicomedullary junction often present difficulties to the neurologic surgeon. Currently available surgical approaches often provide less than optimal exposure, for both removal of the primary lesion and repair of the dura.

Jul 16, 2019 · GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW. Patients that had a previous history of skull base or paranasal sinus surgery or a rele vant trauma to the head and neck region as well as malignancies arroding the skull base or other organic The surgical approach was nine times entirely endoscopic and once a combination of Jul 05, 2010 · The skull base surgery is one of the most demanding surgeries. There are different structures that can be injured easily, by operating in the skull base. It is very important for the neurosurgeon to choose the right approach in order to reach …

skull base diseases. The increasing advancements in the fields of neuro-surgery and otorhinolaryngology have challenged surgeons from both specialities to keep up with the expanding technological knowledge in this exciting area. The skull base represents the focus of interdisciplinary collaboration between otorhinolaryngology and neurosurgery. endoscopic tranxmaxillary approach to the anterolateral skull base has been refined for the last two decades. A plethora of literatur e regarding all endoscopic appr oaches, including the transmaxillary appr oach, has dominated the publications of skull base surgery in the 21st century.

It is our pleasure to announce the 7th Interdisciplinary Endosco-pic Skull Base Surgery Course. Skull Base Surgery underwent significant changes during the last decades. The increasing advancements in the fields of neu-rosurgery and otorhinolaryngology have challenged surgeons from both specialties to keep up with the rapid technological Jul 05, 2010 · The skull base surgery is one of the most demanding surgeries. There are different structures that can be injured easily, by operating in the skull base. It is very important for the neurosurgeon to choose the right approach in order to reach …

surgery of the skull base an interdisciplinary approach pdf

7th Interdisciplinary Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery Course

M. Samii Springer. jul 05, 2010в в· the skull base surgery is one of the most demanding surgeries. there are different structures that can be injured easily, by operating in the skull base. it is very important for the neurosurgeon to choose the right approach in order to reach the lesion without harming the other intact structures. due to the pioneering work of cushing, hirsch, yasargil, krause, dandy and other dedicated, endoscopic sinus & skull base surgery consultant interdisciplinary skull base group professor emeritus & senior excellence faculty medical university graz austria amin b. kassam, md vice president, neurosciences medical director, neurosurgery aurora st. lukeвђ™s medical center milwaukee, wisconsin sergio d. bergese, md, professor clinical); now part of the master techniques in otolaryngology вђ“ head and neck surgery series, skull base surgery is the new go-to guide on common and advanced procedures in skull base surgery. step-by-step expert instruction is offered on more than 45 procedures, covering both open and minimally invasive approaches to the skull base., skull base surgery.in: aston s, beasley r, thorne c, grabb and smith's plastic surgery. 6th ed. boston: little brown & company. submitted. kabil m, shahinian hk: pituitary surgery - the evolution from open transcranial to fully endoscopic transnasal surgery of the pituitary gland.in ezzat s. knutzen r, editors..

Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery 2nd

Skull Base Approaches Clinical Gate. вђў the frontotemporal approach with variations of the orbitozygomatic extension is among the most frequently used skull base approaches. it is applicable to vascular and neoplastic lesions involving the anterior and middle fossa, orbit, orbital apex and cavernous sinus, вђ¦, to simulate the surgical approach has allowed our team to anticipate any potential challenges during surgery, so we can provide our patients with the safest and most complete procedure possible,вђќ dr. iloreta says. vr in the or the pathology removed during skull base surgery is often surrounded by critical neuroanatomy, such as the internal).

surgery of the skull base an interdisciplinary approach pdf

Step by Step Week 2 Chap. 26 Review Flashcards Quizlet

Surgical management of midline skull-base tumors a new. endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery: cu rrent state of the art and future trends 5 base surgery started progressively in the late 1980 s before experiencing an exponential success during the last decade (carrau et al., 2001). fig. 2. classical sublabial trans-sphenoidal microsurgical approach for pituitary adenomas. 3., skull base: an interdisciplinary approach [previously skull base surgery] is a multidisciplinary journal on all clinical and research advances in skull base surgery, featuring dozens вђ¦).

surgery of the skull base an interdisciplinary approach pdf

An overview of endoscopy in neurologic surgery Cleveland

Surgery of the Skull Base SpringerLink. transnasal endoscopic skull base and brain surgery: tips and pearls - ebook written by aldo c. stamm. read this book using google play books app on your pc, android, ios devices. download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read transnasal endoscopic skull base and brain surgery: tips and pearls., mar 21, 2011в в· nasal morbidity following skull base surgery necessitates follow-up for postoperative care. we describe nasal morbidity following endoscopic skull base surgery. methods. patient and operative data and postoperative subjective and objective measures of morbidity were prospectively collected for 1 year.).

surgery of the skull base an interdisciplinary approach pdf

LOYOLA UNIVERSITY CHICAGO STRITCH SCHOOL OF

ENDOSCOPIC TRANSMAXILLARY APPROACHES TO THE. mar 17, 2015в в· the region of the skull base was long considered a surgical barrier because of its complex anatomy. with few exceptions, the region immediately beyond the dura or bony skull base constituted a "no man's land" for the surgeon working from the other direction. a major reason for this was the high morbidity associated with operative procedures in, skull base: an interdisciplinary approach [previously skull base surgery] is a multidisciplinary journal on all clinical and research advances in skull base surgery, featuring dozens вђ¦).

surgery of the skull base an interdisciplinary approach pdf

(PDF) Surgical anatomy and physiology for the skull base

(PDF) Use of Cerebral Oximetry to Monitor Brain. apr 15, 2015в в· endonasal endoscopic surgery of skull base tumors: an interdisciplinary approach - ebook written by wolfgang draf, ricardo l. carrau, ulrike bockmuehl. read this book using google play books app on your pc, android, ios devices. download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read endonasal endoscopic surgery of skull base tumors: an interdisciplinary вђ¦, skull base surgery, as a subspecialty including open and endoscopic approaches, continues to evolve, favoring minimal access approaches in order to reduce surgical morbidity and mortality, preserve neurological function, as well as cosmesis.[3 4] using the most direct and least destructive corridor, or combination of corridors, is paramount to the minimal access concept.[7 18 30 42] however).

10 4th AOCMF Course on Skull Base Surgery „Lateral Skull Base“ Course information Accreditation The 4th International Interdisciplinary AOCMF Course on Skull Base Surgery “Approaches to the Lateral Skull Base” will get accreditation from the European Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (EACCME) to provide CME Skull Base Surgery.In: Aston S, Beasley R, Thorne C, Grabb and Smith's Plastic Surgery. 6th ed. Boston: Little Brown & Company. Submitted. Kabil M, Shahinian HK: Pituitary Surgery - The Evolution From Open Transcranial to Fully Endoscopic Transnasal Surgery of The Pituitary Gland.In Ezzat S. Knutzen R, editors.

Jan 01, 1980 · • Lesions of the clivus, upper cervical vertebrae, and the cervicomedullary junction often present difficulties to the neurologic surgeon. Currently available surgical approaches often provide less than optimal exposure, for both removal of the primary lesion and repair of the dura. 10 4th AOCMF Course on Skull Base Surgery „Lateral Skull Base“ Course information Accreditation The 4th International Interdisciplinary AOCMF Course on Skull Base Surgery “Approaches to the Lateral Skull Base” will get accreditation from the European Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (EACCME) to provide CME

Mar 21, 2011В В· Nasal morbidity following skull base surgery necessitates follow-up for postoperative care. We describe nasal morbidity following endoscopic skull base surgery. Methods. Patient and operative data and postoperative subjective and objective measures of morbidity were prospectively collected for 1 year. We are pleased to invite you to the 2nd International Interdisciplinary AO Course on Skull Base Surgery in Vienna. The lateral skull base is an extremely complex region requiring a deep knowledge of anato-my. The hallmark of contemporary skull base surgery is a team approach, whereby experts of

Advances in endoscopic sinonasal and anterior skull base surgery Darlene Lubbe, Patrick Semple, Johan Fagan Endoscopic surgery has revolutionised surgical practice in many surgical disciplines. Urologists were the first to develop endoscopes in the early 20th century, gynaecologists following It is our pleasure to announce the 7th Interdisciplinary Endosco-pic Skull Base Surgery Course. Skull Base Surgery underwent significant changes during the last decades. The increasing advancements in the fields of neu-rosurgery and otorhinolaryngology have challenged surgeons from both specialties to keep up with the rapid technological

Skull Base Surgery.In: Aston S, Beasley R, Thorne C, Grabb and Smith's Plastic Surgery. 6th ed. Boston: Little Brown & Company. Submitted. Kabil M, Shahinian HK: Pituitary Surgery - The Evolution From Open Transcranial to Fully Endoscopic Transnasal Surgery of The Pituitary Gland.In Ezzat S. Knutzen R, editors. Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery 2nd Edition PDF by Alexander G. Chiu MD (Author), James N. Palmer MD (Author), Nithin D Adappa MD (Author) Gain a clear understanding of the entire spectrum of today’s rhinology and anterior skull base surgery with Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery, 2nd Edition.

to simulate the surgical approach has allowed our team to anticipate any potential challenges during surgery, so we can provide our patients with the safest and most complete procedure possible,” Dr. Iloreta says. VR in the OR The pathology removed during skull base surgery is often surrounded by critical neuroanatomy, such as the internal to simulate the surgical approach has allowed our team to anticipate any potential challenges during surgery, so we can provide our patients with the safest and most complete procedure possible,” Dr. Iloreta says. VR in the OR The pathology removed during skull base surgery is often surrounded by critical neuroanatomy, such as the internal

Jul 11, 2019 · The instrumentation including clips, micro scissors, retractors, probes, multi clips, etc are pictured along with their usage intraoperatively. The future of skull base surgery including imaging, virtual reality, and robotic surgery are covered in the final chapter of … The use of the endoscope in interdisciplinary extended transnasal approaches revolutionized skull-base surgery. 1 Transcranial neurosurgery took advantage of the endoscope for inspection, endoscope-assisted, and endoscope-controlled procedures, although the main visualization tool during these interventions remains the operating microscope.

surgery of the skull base an interdisciplinary approach pdf

State-of-the-Art Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery Clinical